From 1889 to 1892, Thomas Edison and his assistant, William Dickson, developed the Kinetograph: the first primitive motion picture camera. Soon after, the first film was shown in New York City, and the landscape of American entertainment radically shifted. Moving picture films, or movies, were soon everywhere, with an estimated 8,000 makeshift theaters established within shops and restaurants by 1908. Film and stage productions now competed for audiences and resources. Some theater buildings staged physical productions and projected movies in the same space, while other companies dedicated themselves entirely to the new phenomenon. As the film industry became ever-more popular, censorship laws and regulations likewise focused on movies, while major productions such as Gone With the Wind brought international attention to Georgia.