The New South and the New Slavery

Convict Labor in Georgia

Prison Farms

The Georgia State Prison Farm in Milledgeville was built in 1899 for female, juvenile, and infirm prisoners. It closed in 1937, and the Georgia State Prison in Reidsville opened in 1938. Within Reidsville’s agricultural program, inmates farmed beef, dairy, and poultry products while also producing vegetables to sustain the prison population. Today, male and female inmates across the state still produce agricultural products at the Dooly State Prison, the Joe Kennedy Farm, the Middle Georgia Regional Farm, Montgomery State Prison, and the Rogers State Prison Farm. These farms produce and process millions of pounds of meat, eggs, grains, and dairy each year.